Nominal generally refers to pressure treated wood.
4x4 Nominal fits 3.5" x 3.5" Post Size
5x5 Nominal fits a 4.5" x 4.5" Post Size
6x6 Nominal fits 5.5" x 5.5"
8x8 Nominal fits 7.25" x 7.25"
Actual general refers to rough lumber (not surfaced on 4 sides) or vinyl or composite posts.
Some of these post may still measure between 'Nominal' and 'Actual' sizes, particularly in Cedar material.
Finials can be used to accent many different wood components from fences to flag poles and porches. Finials are great for indoor and outdoor use. All Island post finials are installed with dowel screws before shipping.